Journal Basic Info

  • Impact Factor: 1.995**
  • H-Index: 8
  • ISSN: 2474-1647
  • DOI: 10.25107/2474-1647
**Impact Factor calculated based on Google Scholar Citations. Please contact us for any more details.

Major Scope

  •  Minimally Invasive Surgery
  •  Ophthalmic Surgery
  •  Gynecological Surgery
  •  Orthopaedic Surgery
  •  General Surgery
  •  Colon and Rectal Surgery
  •  Plastic Surgery
  •  Bariatric Surgery

Abstract

Citation: Clin Surg. 2021;6(1):3219.Research Article | Open Access

Impact of Varicocele and Varicocele Surgery on Semen Quality, Erectile Function, and Serum Hormone Levels

Badereddin Mohamad Al-Ali, Emma Persad and Klaus Eredics

Department of Urology, Hanusch Hospital, Austria
Karl Landsteiner University for Health Sciences, Austria
Department of Urology, Donauspital Vienna, Austria

*Correspondance to: Badereddin Mohamad Al-Al 

 PDF  Full Text DOI: 10.25107/2474-1647.3219

Abstract

Introduction: The aim of our study was to analyze the impact of varicocele and varicocele surgery on testosterone level, semen quality, and erectile function. Methods: Our study included 265 infertile males with varicocele. Patients were divided into three groups: Group 1 (193) patients who did not receive surgery, Group 2 (72 patients) who were operated on according to the Palomo procedure and Group 3 (28 patients), who acted as a control group without a varicocele. All patients completed the International Index of Erectile Function IIEF-5 (German version) and underwent semen analysis. Serum testosterone, Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH), and Luteinizing Hormone (LH) were measured at inclusion into the study and after surgery.
Results: The IIEF-5 scores in groups 1 and 2 were 21.01 ± 2.2; and 21.74 ± 1 respectively, and the resulting t-test for equality of variance was significant (p<0.0001). Total testosterone level in groups 1 and 2 were 3.16 ± 0.37, and 3 ± 0.01 respectively, and the resulting t-test for equality of variance was significant (p<0.0001). The results of the semen analysis were better in group 2 (after surgery) (37.5%, p<0.001) in comparison to Group 1. Interestingly, pre-operative serum testosterone levels were lower in patients with later improvement of semen analysis (p=0.05). Body mass index (p=0.8), pre-operative serum FSH (p=0.9), LH (p=0.2), were similar in both groups.
Conclusion: Semen quality improved in 37.5% of our patients after varicocele surgery. Erectile dysfunction improved partly after varicocele surgery. Moreover, these improvements are not necessarily correlated. Our study reported that a lower pre-operative serum testosterone level might be a possible indicator for successful surgical outcome.

Keywords

Erectile Dysfunction; International Index of Erectile Function; Follicle stimulating hormone; Luteinizing hormone; Oligo-astheno-teratospermia-syndrome

Cite the article

Al-Ali BM, Persad E, Eredics K. Impact of Varicocele and Varicocele Surgery on Semen Quality, Erectile Function, and Serum Hormone Levels. Clin Surg. 2021; 6: 3219..

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