Journal Basic Info

  • Impact Factor: 1.995**
  • H-Index: 8
  • ISSN: 2474-1647
  • DOI: 10.25107/2474-1647
**Impact Factor calculated based on Google Scholar Citations. Please contact us for any more details.

Major Scope

  •  Cardiovascular Surgery
  •  Plastic Surgery
  •  Emergency Surgery
  •  Bariatric Surgery
  •  Orthopaedic Surgery
  •  Pediatric Surgery
  •  Gastroenterological Surgery
  •  Urology


Citation: Clin Surg. 2020;5(1):3003.Research Article | Open Access

Type of Anesthesia Affects the Assessment of Gastroesophageal Junction in Patients Evaluated for AntiReflux Surgery

Glenn M Ihde1*, Leah A Dill2 , Danny G Lister3 , Christopher F Lucchese4 , Christopher Cottrell5 , Peter K Krone6 and Ramsey A Stone7

1 Ihde Surgical Group, Mayfield, USA 2 Texas Bariatric Specialists, USA 3 The Surgical Clinic of Central Arkansas, USA 4 Texas Health Physicians Group/Texas Health Presbyterian-Wilson N. Jones Hospital, USA 5 North Dallas Surgical Specialists, USA 6 PA, Granbury, USA 7 North Texas Surgery, USA

*Correspondance to: Glenn M Ihde 

 PDF  Full Text DOI: 10.25107/2474-1647.3003


Background: This study assesses the intra-rater agreement of assigning Hill grade to pre-operative endoscopy under Intravenous Sedation (IVS) versus under General Anesthesia (GA). Methods: Fifty-three patients studied prospectively underwent both a preoperative endoscopy under IVS and a second endoscopy under GA just prior to surgery. These endoscopies were recorded and eight general surgeons experienced reflux surgery evaluated each endoscopy. Intrarater agreement was assessed by comparing Hill grade assessment of the GEJ under IVS versus their Hill grade assessment under GA. Results: There was a significant difference in assigning Hill grades under IVS versus GA in seven raters. Significantly, Hill grade was larger under IVS in 43% of cases. Conclusion: In this study, type of anesthesia affected the endoscopic assessment of the GEJ, favoring a larger Hill grade assignment under IVS than GA


Gastroesophageal; Reflux; Hiatal hernia; Endoscopic; Endoluminal; Fundoplication; Transoral

Cite the article

Ihde GM, Dill LA, Lister DG, Lucchese CF, Cottrell C, Krone PK, et al. Type of Anesthesia Affects the Assessment of Gastroesophageal Junction in Patients Evaluated for Anti-Reflux Surgery. Clin Surg. 2020; 5: 3003..

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