Journal Basic Info

  • Impact Factor: 1.995**
  • H-Index: 8
  • ISSN: 2474-1647
  • DOI: 10.25107/2474-1647
**Impact Factor calculated based on Google Scholar Citations. Please contact us for any more details.

Major Scope

  •  Neurological Surgery
  •  Minimally Invasive Surgery
  •  Cardiovascular Surgery
  •  Vascular Surgery
  •  Obstetrics Surgery
  •  Endocrine Surgery
  •  Thoracic Surgery
  •  Surgical Oncology

Abstract

Citation: Clin Surg. 2024;9(1):3701.Research Article | Open Access

Applicability of Intentional Topographic Revascularization Following the Angiosome Model in Patients with Chronic Limb-Threatening Ischemia: From Theory, to Current Clinical Challenges

Alexandrescu VA, Neville RF, Kerzmann A, Boesmans E, Holemans C, Nicolaï G and Defraigne JO

Department of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery, CHU Sart-Tilman University Hospital, Belgium Department of Vascular and Thoracic Surgery, Princess Paola Hospital, Belgium Department of Surgery, George Washington University, USA

*Correspondance to: Alexandrescu Vlad Adrian 

 PDF  Full Text DOI: 10.25107/2474-1647.3701

Abstract

Since its first description almost four decades ago in the plastic surgery field, the angiosome theory has shown encouraging clinical success in Chronic Limb-Threatening Ischemia (CLTI) revascularization in recent years. Gradual scientific knowledge and evidence-based feedback are necessary to assess its usefulness and to overcome various challenges lingering in its practical application at the patient’s bedside. Despite the increasing number of publications in recent years indicating its acceptable suitability in clinical practice, only a few provide conspicuous information regarding the applicability of angiosome-guided Direct Revascularization (DR) compared with the analysis of hurdles in the vascular approach, regardless of its clinical results. The current review aimed to provide an updated interpretation of DR applicability rates in daily practice, delineated through tangible assessments of feasibility, clinical match, and technical success (as previously mentioned). This analysis considered the applicability of DR, Indirect Revascularization via collaterals, (IRc), and “Wound-Targeted Revascularization” (WTR) within the broader perspective of “Intentional Topographic Revascularization” (ITR) in patients with CLTI foot. ITR affords a novel conceptualization of regional foot reperfusion via deliberate anatomical and functional orientation of the foot arterial flow to the ischemic zones (owing specific pedal arteries and regional collaterals). The analysis of data revealed significant differences in the current clinical definitions, interpretation, and application methods of TR. Inconsistent views on DR were also observed in the context of “wound-dependent” localization and the identification of the most suitable target foot artery for treatment. Unfortunately, a standardized definition of angiosome-oriented DR, IR, IRc, and WTR has not been established. Owing to the lack of a universally accepted definition and unified anatomical and functional foot arterial occlusive disease stratification, evidence supporting the applicability of ITR (by all its variants) is still awaited.

Keywords

Chronic limb-threatening ischemia; Angioplasty; Atherosclerosis; Angiosome; Pedal arteries; Collateral circulation; Diabetic foot; Critical limb ischemia; Direct revascularization; Wound-targeted revascularization

Cite the article

Alexandrescu VA, Neville RF, Kerzmann A, Boesmans E, Holemans C, Nicolaï G, et al. Applicability of Intentional Topographic Revascularization Following the Angiosome Model in Patients with Chronic Limb-Threatening Ischemia: From Theory, to Current Clinical Challenges. Clin Surg. 2024; 9: 3701..

Search Our Journal

Journal Indexed In

Articles in PubMed

Monitoring an Ongoing Enhanced Recovery after Surgery (ERAS) Program: Adherence Improves Clinical Outcomes in a Comparison of Three Thousand Colorectal Cases
 PubMed  PMC  PDF  Full Text
Antimicrobial Peptides: A Potential Therapeutic Option for Surgical Site Infections
 PubMed  PMC  PDF  Full Text
View More...

Articles with Grants

Preoperative Characteristics Affecting the Outcome of Pneumatic Retinopexy Using Only Air
 Abstract  PDF  Full Text
The Value of Fetal Reduction in IVF Dichorionic Triplets: A Retrospective Controlled Study
 Abstract  PDF  Full Text
View More...