Journal Basic Info

  • Impact Factor: 1.995**
  • H-Index: 8
  • ISSN: 2474-1647
  • DOI: 10.25107/2474-1647
**Impact Factor calculated based on Google Scholar Citations. Please contact us for any more details.

Major Scope

  •  Minimally Invasive Surgery
  •  Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
  •  Obstetrics Surgery
  •  Vascular Surgery
  •  Surgical Oncology
  •  Emergency Surgery
  •  Endocrine Surgery
  •  Bariatric Surgery

Abstract

Citation: Clin Surg. 2018;3(1):2119.Case Report | Open Access

Isolated "Nutcracker" Fracture of the Anterior Calcaneal Process: Do We Need a More Comprehensive Classification for this Injury Spectrum? A Case Report

Pasquale Sessa and Marzia Mascarello

Department of Anatomical, Histological, Forensic Medicine and Orthopaedics Sciences, BIT. New San Giovanni di
Dio Hospital, Florence, Italy
Department of Anatomical, Histological, The Locomotor-Sapienza Apparatus University of Rome, Rome, Italy

*Correspondance to: Pasquale Sessa 

 PDF  Full Text DOI: 10.25107/2474-1647.2119

Abstract

Fractures of the anterior calcaneal process are relatively rare accounting for 3% to 15% of all calcaneal fractures and can occur due to high or low energy trauma. Avulsion fractures are generally due to forced inversion and plantar flexion of the foot and are associated with ligament tears. More rare impaction fractures, i.e. nutcracker fractures, are commonly described as due to a forced eversion and abduction of the foot with compression forcing the anterior process of the calcaneus against the cuboid. Clinical features are subtle and X-ray examination for the diagnosis of anterior calcaneal process fracture is challenging. A CT examination can reveal the fracture and should be performed whenever a doubt exists for correct diagnosis. Here we present the unique clinical case of a 44ys old female patient who suffered an isolated compression fracture of the anterior calcaneal process due to a fall from a stair with forced foot eversion and low energy trauma mechanism. The patient healed uneventfully with a conservative treatment. A more comprehensive classification of this spectrum injury is sought as many different fracture or combined bone-ligamentous lesions exist requiring different surgical or non surgical management. Actually, no clear guidelines exist in literature assisting the treating physician in the management of such challenging lesions.

Keywords

Isolated anterior calcaneal process fracture; Nutcracker fracture; Midtarsal sprain; Chopart fracture-dislocation

Cite the article

Sessa P, Mascarello M. Isolated "Nutcracker" Fracture of the Anterior Calcaneal Process: Do We Need a More Comprehensive Classification for this Injury Spectrum? A Case Report. Clin Surg. 2018; 3: 2119.

Search Our Journal

Journal Indexed In

Articles in PubMed

Risk Factors for Visual Impairment in an Uninsured Population and the Impact of the Affordable Care Act
 PubMed  PMC  PDF  Full Text
Automated Sagittal Craniosynostosis Classification from CT Images Using Transfer Learning
 PubMed  PMC  PDF  Full Text
View More...

Articles with Grants

Site-Specific Response of Bone Tissue to Ovariectomy in a Rabbit Model
 Abstract  PDF  Full Text
Hepatectomy for a Patient with Polycystic Liver Disease Associated with Cystobiliary Communication: A Case Report
 Abstract  PDF  Full Text
View More...