Journal Basic Info

  • Impact Factor: 1.995**
  • H-Index: 8
  • ISSN: 2474-1647
  • DOI: 10.25107/2474-1647
**Impact Factor calculated based on Google Scholar Citations. Please contact us for any more details.

Major Scope

  •  Cardiovascular Surgery
  •  Neurological Surgery
  •  Bariatric Surgery
  •  Surgical Oncology
  •  Vascular Surgery
  •  Ophthalmic Surgery
  •  Gastroenterological Surgery
  •  Minimally Invasive Surgery


Citation: Clin Surg. 2017;2(1):1354.Research Article | Open Access

Utilization of Ketamine, Midazolam and Low Dose Propofol for Conscious Sedation; A Safe and Effective Alternative

Jay M. Pensler

Division of Plastic Surgery, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, USA

*Correspondance to: Jay M. Pensler 

 PDF  Full Text DOI: 10.25107/2474-1647.1354


Conscious sedation is defined as a technique of administering sedatives or dissociative agents with or without analgesics to induce a state that allows the patient to tolerate unpleasant procedures while maintaining cardio respiratory function. Conscious sedation requires careful titration of the agents involved in conjunction with continuous monitoring of the patient. Over the last fifteen years we have transitioned from the use of two agents; Ketamine and Midazolam to the use of three agents; Ketamine, Midazolam and low dose Propofol for conscious sedation. The inclusion of low dose Propofol infusion (25 mcg/kg/min) has resulted in a significant decreased recovery time and nausea. In an attempt to understand the etiology of the enhanced recovery we reviewed the quantity of the agents used during sedation in this study.


Ketamine; Midazolam; Conscious sedation

Cite the article

Pensler JM. Utilization of Ketamine, Midazolam and Low Dose Propofol for Conscious Sedation; A Safe and Effective Alternative. Clin Surg. 2017; 2: 1354.

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