Journal Basic Info

  • Impact Factor: 1.995**
  • H-Index: 8
  • ISSN: 2474-1647
  • DOI: 10.25107/2474-1647
**Impact Factor calculated based on Google Scholar Citations. Please contact us for any more details.

Major Scope

  •  General Surgery
  •  Orthopaedic Surgery
  •  Ophthalmic Surgery
  •  Breast Surgery
  •  Endocrine Surgery
  •  Neurological Surgery
  •  Minimally Invasive Surgery
  •  Cardiovascular Surgery


Citation: Clin Surg. 2016;1(1):1227.Research Article | Open Access

Rectal Irrigation (RI) in the Treatment of Defecation Disorders - A Retrospective Evaluation of a Prospective Database

Srinivasaiah N, Marshall J, Gardiner A, J Monson RT and Duthie G

St. Mark’s Hospital, UK
Hull & East Riding NHS trust, UK
University of Hull, UK
Florida Hospital, USA

*Correspondance to: Srinivasaiah N 

 PDF  Full Text DOI: 10.25107/2474-1647.1227


Background: Rectal Irrigation (RI) has been used in defecation disorders to relieve symptoms and improve quality of life (QOL). We aimed to evaluate the efficacy and acceptability of RI using health outcome measures.Methods: The study was a retrospective review of a prospective database of patients who had rectal irrigation between 2002 and 2005. The efficacy of rectal irrigation was determined by quantification of symptoms using general standardized questionnaires (GSQ). The acceptability of rectal irrigation was determined using the general health outcome measure SF-36 and the Fecal Incontinence Quality of Life (FIQL) questionnaire.Results: A total of 175 patients underwent rectal irrigation. There were 111 successful cases and 64 failures. Analysis was done only for the successful ones. Before rectal irrigation, the number of patients who completed GSQ, SF-36 and FIQL were 72, 71 and 32 respectively. Of these only 43, 43 and 22 completed the GSQ, SF-36 and FIQL respectively after rectal irrigation. GSQ analysis showed significant improvement in symptoms of straining, incomplete emptying, wind leakage and urinary leak before and after RI. SF-36 demonstrated significant difference in physical functioning (Z score -2.34; p< 0.05), social functioning (Z score -2.17; p< 0.05) and general health (Z score -1.97; p< 0.05), before and after RI (95%CI). FIQL analysis showed no statistically significant difference in the QOL after RI.Conclusion: In patients with defecation disorders, RI can offer symptomatic improvement. Most patients find the treatment acceptable.


Incontinence; scoring systems; Outcomes; Constipation; Rectal irrigation

Cite the article

Srinivasaiah N, Marshall J, Gardiner A, J Monson RT, Duthie G. Rectal Irrigation (RI) in the Treatment of Defecation Disorders � A Retrospective Evaluation of a Prospective Database. Clin Surg. 2016; 1: 1227.

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