Journal Basic Info

  • Impact Factor: 1.995**
  • H-Index: 8
  • ISSN: 2474-1647
  • DOI: 10.25107/2474-1647
**Impact Factor calculated based on Google Scholar Citations. Please contact us for any more details.

Major Scope

  •  Vascular Surgery
  •  Transplant Surgery
  •  Pediatric Surgery
  •  Thoracic Surgery
  •  Emergency Surgery
  •  General Surgery
  •  Cardiovascular Surgery
  •  Gynecological Surgery

Abstract

Citation: Clin Surg. 2016;1(1):1044.Review Article | Open Access

Dexamethasone Hastens Migraine Resolution

Nwanodi OB

Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics Surgery, A.T. Still University, USA

*Correspondance to: Oroma B. Nwanodi 

 PDF  Full Text DOI: 10.25107/2474-1647.1044

Abstract

Purpose: If corticosteroids are an effective abortive migraine treatment in the non-pregnant adult population, corticosteroids could be trialed for acute, severe migraine treatment in pregnancy. The purpose of this evidence-based practice review was to determine the efficacy of DXM at achieving acute severe migraine resolution in non-pregnant adult migraineurs.Methods: PubMed and Academic Search Complete searches for randomized controlled trials (RCT) of steroids for migraine treatment yielded two RCT and two pooled analyses for inclusion.Results: The pooled analyses showed that at 24- to 72-hour follow-up, 12– 24 mg parenteral DXM added to standard abortive migraine therapy reduces moderate or severe migraine recurrence by 29%. DXM 16 mg intravenous treats acute migraine without aura, as well as, does 400 mg intravenous sodium valproate. For migraine resolution comparable to that achieved by intravenous magnesium sulfate 1 gram, intravenous low dose DXM 8 mg may best be administered without intravenous metoclopramide 10 mg.Conclusion: Given dose-dependent efficacy of DXM for treatment of acute severe migraine, migraine resolution needs higher initial DXM doses than used for FLM. To benefit pregnant migraineurs, RCT of intramuscular DXM 12-24 mg, with or with anti-emetics such as dimenhydrinate, doxylamine/ pyridoxine, ondansetron, or promethazine, in comparison to 1-2 mg intravenous magnesium sulfate are needed.

Keywords

Betamethasone; Corticosteroids; Dexamethasone; Migraine; Pregnancy; Migraine recurrence; Migraine resolution

Cite the article

Nwanodi OB. Dexamethasone Hastens Migraine Resolution. Clin Surg. 2016; 1: 1044.

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