Clin Surg | Volume 2, Issue 1 | Case Report | Open Access

Paranasal Aspergillus Fungal Infection in Immune Compromised and Uncontrolled Diabetic Patients: A Report of 5 Cases along with Review of Literature

Harish Saluja1*, B M Rudagi1, Shivani Sachdeva2, Semmit Shah1, Anuj Dadhich1, Parul Tandon1 and Vinayak More1

1Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Rural Dental College, India
2Department of Periodontics, Rural Dental College, India

*Correspondance to: Harish Saluja 

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Abstract

Aspergillus is the most common fungal pathogen in sinus disease, with the maxillary sinus being predominantly involved. Fungal infections are common in several conditions that lower the immunity of the patient like uncontrolled diabetes, long term antibiotic & steroid therapy, radio, chemotherapy, immunosuppressive treatment & immunodeficient diseases. Among these diabetes is the condition which is increasing day by day in India and is one of the predisposing factor for head & neck fungal infection especially aspergillus fungal infection. Diabetes has emerged as a major healthcare problem in India. According to Diabetes Atlas published by the International Diabetes Federation (IDF), there were an estimated 40 million persons with diabetes in India in 2007 and this number is predicted to rise to almost 70 million people by 2025. The countries with the largest number of diabetic people will be India, China and USA by 2030. Here we present 5 cases of invasive aspergillus fungal infection of paranasal sinus region in uncontrolled diabetic patients, along with review of literature emphasizing much more incidence of aspergillus infection in facial region in patients suffering from uncontrolled diabetes. This review will help us in better understanding of maxillary sinus fungal infections.

Keywords:

Diabetes; Fungal infection; Aspergillosis; Paranasal; Maxillary sinus

Citation:

Saluja H, Rudagi BM, Sachdeva S, Shah S, Dadhich A, Tandon P, et al. Paranasal Aspergillus Fungal Infection in Immune Compromised and Uncontrolled Diabetic Patients: A Report of 5 Cases along with Review of Literature. Clin Surg. 2017; 2: 1805.

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